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Ranon'Ala project : water, hygiene, sanitation

1. Water source protection

1.1. Protection of the forest durability


Water sources dry up if a forest is destroyed or reduced.
Rivers overflow if sand and topsoil discharge into it. Well and underground water is not drinkable if the vegetation roots which retain the stains are removed.
Therefore, we must:
  • protect the forest and its flora and fauna
  • stop burning the forest (practicing slash and burn policies)
  • stop illegally exploiting the forest and its flora and fauna.

1.2 How to protect the water sources

protect the water sources

In order to increase agricultural production yield, prevent topsoil from being washed out by water.

  • Additionally, the following practices contribute to improved agricultural production:
  • Mulching
  • Crop rotation
  • Use various cultures like corn and beans
  • System of Rice Intensification
  • Terracing
  • Use natural or biological fertilizers instead of chemicals
  • Use Malagasy traditional manure
  • Use natural insecticide instead of chemicals
  • In forest areas, always comply with the forest regulations.

1.3 Water source and stock management

A watershed is also a guarantee for water stock sustainability

  • Create or join an association that has been granted a contract for the management of a watershed
  • Implement the maintenance and management plans
  • Read the specifications book and be aware of the rights and responsibilities of the Association, the Commune and the Government
  • Supervise and implement regulations linked to the watershed system
  • Conduct trainings to ensure competent management of the system

2. Relationship between water and diarrheal diseases

2.1 Causes of diarrheal diseases

Below are the causes of diarrheal diseases:
  • Unwashed hands (those not cleaned with soap)
  • Contamination of food from flies
  • Consumption of unclean water

  • Use of unclean or unsafe water
  • Bathing in bacteria contaminated water
  • Preparation of food with unclean utensils
  • Consumption or use of drinking water contaminated with human excrement or urine

2.2 Harmful consequences of diarrheal diseases

  • Incorrectly treated diarrheal diseases can lead to death, particularly for children under 5
  • Dehydration, weight loss and increased vulnerability for diarrhea infected children
  • Parents spend money and time treating the disease
  • Parents cannot work and lose their peace of mind
  • Children are absent from school often when suffering from diarrheal diseases

2.3 What to do in case of diarrheal diseases

  • Always use standardized latrines; do not defecate everywhere
  • Drink « 1 et 8 » solution frequently or clean water treated with Sûr'Eau solution
  • Immediately go to a healthcare clinic for treatment and evaluation

2.4 Prevention of diarrheal diseases

  • Never defecate in water, but instead use standardized latrines
  • To avoid the spread of disease, do not wash the contaminated linen in water meant for public use. Wash dirty clothes in basins and dispose of the contaminated water in latrines
  • Protect water from being contaminated by storing it in a clean and covered basin, and do not use any dirty object to draw water from within the basin
  • BEWARE! Water that looks clean, like that of a river, may carry bacteria and is not drinkable
  • You can get clean and safe water from standardized fountains/pumps and water wells
  • Use and drink only cleaned water.

3. About clean drinkable water

3.1 How to obtain a clean drinkable water

How to obtain a clean drinkable water

  • Water obtained from standardized fountains/pumps is appropriate for drinking because it has already been treated and is devoid of bacteria
  • In case of water obtained from standardized water wells, boil it or add one capful of Sûr'Eau to 1 bucket of water, stir with a ladle, cover well and let it rest for 30 minutes
  • In the case that standardized water from fountains/pumps or wells are not available, filter the water with a special tool like a Tulipe filter

3.2 Advantages of standardized water from fountains/pumps and wells

Advantages of standardized water from fountains/pumps and wells
  • Standardized water wells are protected from contaminated drainage water and from stagnant water
  • Standardized water wells have an elevated curbstone, a covered opening, a cemented and fenced yard
  • It is easy to get water from standardized water fountains/pumps and wells

3.3 Advantages of clean drinkable water

Drink and use clean water to:
  • Prevent diarrheal diseases
  • Keep children healthy. Parents can continue working and will not have to spend money on treatment for sick children
  • Ensure uninterrupted schooling for the children

4. Relationship between Clean Water and Health

4.1 What to do with contaminated water

Dispose of contaminated/used water in ditches or in a special trap to avoid the gathering of insects/animals like flies, mosquitoes, ants, rats, etc. ... That can cause disease to the members of the household and may create a bad smell which also compromises health

 Build a shower room away from the well to avoid the contamination of the drinking water

4.2 What to do with the household trash

  • Collect trash and garbage and transform it into compost or use a trap provided with a cover
  • Trash attracts insects/animals like flies, mosquitoes, ants, rats, etc. They cause disease like diarrhea or plague.

4.3 About standardized latrines

About standardized latrines
  • Build the standardized latrines at least 30 meters away from the water source
  • It has a door, a roof and walls which allow the air to circulate. Those latrines can be cleaned, and have a bucket and a cleaning broom inside, and the inner opening is provided with a cover. There is soap outside for hand washing
  • Excrements and disease are not scattered when using latrines. The smell from the latrines are not disseminated either
  • The contaminating flies cannot get into the house

5. Relationship between cleanliness and health

5.1 Food cleanliness

To obtain clean and healthy food
  • Wash your hands with soap prior to preparing food or eating and also before feeding or breastfeeding your child

  • Wash meat, green leaves, vegetables, fruits, etc. with safe, clean water ... before both preparing and eating them
  • Cover food to avoid contamination from flies or dust
  • Also clean with water and soap any utensils used for food preparation

5.2 Cleanliness of the surrounding environment

  • Clear out the bushes and fill with dirt all stagnant water around the house to avoid flies, fleas and mosquitoes
  • Dispose of any contaminated used water in ditches or in a special trap
  • Grow flowers or greens in the yard to prevent the dust from flying inside the house and for peace of mind

5.3 Body and clothes cleanliness

  • Wash your hands with soap each time you use the latrine or after having wiped a child who has just defecated
  • Frequently take a shower with soap to clean your body to prevent disease, and dress yourself in clothes washed with safe, clean water and soap

5.4 Clean house

  • Frequently clean your house to prevent diseases like coughing, flu, common cold and plague
  • Do not keep farm animals in your bedroom because that is not good for your health
  • Expose your house to sunlight and clean air by opening doors and windows
  • Living in a clean house provides peace of mind and pleasure

6- SMS Code of Ranon'Ala

1.    Fiarôvaña lôharano

Fiarôvaña ny fahadiñesan'ny atiala ?

loh 1

Fiarôvaña ny lôharano ?

loh 2

Fiarôvaña ny nofon-tany ?

loh 3

Fitantanaña ny lôharano sy ny tahirin-drano?

loh 4

2.    Fifandraisan'ny rano sy ny aretim-bôtraka

Mahatonga azy?

bot 1


bot 2

Tôkony hanoñy?

bot 3

Fitandremaña azy ?

bot 4

3.     Mikasiky ny rano manjary inomiñy

Fomba azahoaña azy ?

mad 1

Tombotsoan'ny paompy sy ny barikamañara-penitry ?

mad 2

Tombotsoa azo avy amin'ny rano manjary inomiñy ?

mad 3

4.    Fifandraisan'ny Fanadiovana sy ny fahasalamaña

Ny tokony atao amin'ny rano maloto ?

mal 1

Ny tokony atao amin'ny fako (ahitry) ?

mal 2

Ny mikasiky ny kabonemañara-penitry ?

mal 3

5.    Fifandraisan'ny fidiovana sy ny fahasalamaña

Fahadiovan'ny sakafo ?

fah 1

Fahadiovan'ny mañodidiñy ?

fah 2

Fahadiovan'ny vataña sy ny lamba?

fah 3

Fahadiovaña añaty tôkantraño ?

fah 4